Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1 section titles

1.1 Background
1.2 Definitions
1.3 A Brief History
1.4 Types and Functions
1.5 Standards
1.6 Principles
1.7 Examples of Metadata Descriptions

Links to the sources of examples

Figure 1-1-1 A food label as a metadata description for a single item [image] according to FDA Food Labeling Guide ....... 4

Figure 1-1-2 "Leonardo da Vinci" Knowledge Graph from Google (or search Google by yourself) and Infobox from Wikipedia ..... 6

Figure 1-1-3 A digitized book Biodiversity Heritage Library ..... 8

Figure 1-1-4 A recovered stolen art work documented in the INTERPOL online database ..... 9

Figure 1-1-5 Annotated screenshot of the filtering search result for the
query "Raphael", from Europeana #OnThisDay ..... 10

Figure 1-4-1 A screenshot of a metadata instance for a satellite map image,
viewing through Adobe Bridge metadata template ..... 22

Figure 1-5-1 Types of metadata standard: for data structures, data contents (sec.6.5), data values (sec.6.4), and data exchange ..... 23

Figure 1-5-2 Illustration of the relationships among various types of standards:

for data contents: Cataloging Cultural Objects (CCO);
for data structures: CDWA and VRA Core;
data values: ULAN, TGN, AAT, and LC Thesaurus for Graphic Materials ..... 25

Figure 1-7-2 The Metadata etc. web site: Front-end landing page, back-end page source (->view source), and "Page Info" interpreted into human readable format by the browser ..... 30

Figure 1-7-5 A metadata description template and the configuration at the back-end on ContentDM .....33

Figure 1-7-6 A metadata description example as seen from the front-end of eCommons@Cornell ..... 35

Figure 1-7-7 A metadata description about a plant drawing, as seen from the front-end of the online Botany Collections of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History ..... 35


These exercises are designed to help you to become more familiar with metadata

1. First, use structured data to describe yourself (e.g., name, degree
program, interests, and any other special elements you would like to
include) without following any standard. Then, employ Friend of a
Friend (FOAF)
, one of the standards mentioned in section 1.3, to
describe yourself, using a template: FOAF-a-Matic).

2. Compare and analyze a variety of metadata instances found in real
cases, including:

Tips: To view 'source' from a browser: Chrome: View -->Developer-->View Source ; Firefox: Tools-->Web Developer -->Page Source
. To find out if the page has embedded metadata without viewing the source code: Firefox: Tools-->Page Info


Duval, Erik, Wayne Hodgins, Stuart Sutton, and Stuart L. Weibel. 2002. "Metadata Principles and Practicalities." D-Lib Magazine 8 (4). doi: 10.1045/april2002-weibel http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april02/weibel/04weibel.html

Gilliland, Anne J. 2008. "Setting the Stage." In Introduction to Metadata: Pathways to Digital Information, edited by Murtha Baca. Online Edition (Version 3.0). Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute. http://www.getty.edu/research/publications/electronic_publications/intrometadata/setting.html

NISO. 2004. Understanding Metadata. Bethesda, MD: NISO Press. http://www.niso.org/publications/press/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf

Weibel, Stuart, Jean Godby, Eric Miller, and Ron Daniel. 1995. OCLC/NCSA Metadata Workshop Report. http://dublincore.org/workshops/dc1/report.shtml